The Institute has released two new reports by TNO on CO2 storage in support of the Rotterdam CCS Network Project.

The first report provides a description of the work undertaken, the methodology applied and a summary of the key results and findings.

The second report contains the steps to be taken in the development of a CO2 storage site, i.e. identification (screening), detailed study and estimation of the cost.

The reports can be accessed below:

The White Rose CCS Project is a proposal to build a new 448 MW (gross) ultra-supercritical oxy-fuel coal-fired power plant on land adjacent to the existing Drax Power Station near Selby in North Yorkshire. Capture Power Limited, a company formed by consortium partners Alstom, Drax (not intending to invest in the project beyond the FEED study stage) and BOC, is to deliver the project which would capture approximately two millions tonnes of CO2 per annum from an oxy-fuel process. Carbon dioxide captured from the power plant would be transported via the proposed Yorkshire and Humber CCS Cross Country Pipeline, to be constructed by National Grid as a separated associated project, to the coast at Bramston, Yorkshire, then offshore for storage in a deep saline formation beneath the southern North Sea. For more information, please see here.

The project had been nearing the completion of its FEED processes under the UK’s CCS Commercialisation Programme. In November 2015, the announced that the GB₤1 billion capital budget for the CCS Commercialisation Programme would no longer be available, meaning the Programme would not proceed in its current form. The implications of this decision for the White Rose CCS Project are not clear at the time of this Update.

Abu Dhabi CCS is the world’s first fully commercial CCS facility in the iron and steel industry, and involves the capture of CO2 via a new build CO2 Compression Facility using high purity CO2 produced as a by-product of the direct reduced iron-making process at the Emirates Steel Industries factory in Mussafah. Launched in November 2016, the compression facility has a capture capacity of 0.8 Mtpa. The captured CO2 is transported via pipeline to Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) oil reservoirs for enhanced oil recovery.

Illinois Industrial CCS integrates new build compression and dehydration facilities to an existing corn-to-ethanol plant in Decatur, Illinois. The new facilities, when combined with existing facilities constructed under the (now completed) Illinois Basin Decatur Project, can achieve a total CO2 injection capacity of approximately 1 Mtpa. Injection operations commenced in April 2017. The captured CO2 is transported to a nearby injection well for dedicated geological storage.

This project intends to capture around 1 million tonnes of carbon dioxide per annum from an existing coal-to-liquids facility by 2020. It is the second phase of the operating pilot-scale Ordos Shenhua DCL plant CCS Project.

Korea CCS 2 is evaluating development of 1 Mtpa CCS facilities either in an oxy-fuel power plant or in a 300 MW integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plant. Capture and storage operations could begin around the middle of the next decade.  A comprehensive evaluation of offshore CO2 storage options has been undertaken. Both pipeline and shipping (and hybrid) transportation options are under evaluation.

Korea CCS 1 is evaluating the development of 1 Mtpa CCS facilities with CO2 sourced from a power plant either in Gangwon Province (north-east Korea) or in Chungnam Province (west Korea). Capture and storage operations could begin around the middle of the next decade. A comprehensive evaluation of offshore CO2 storage options has been undertaken. Both pipeline and shipping (and hybrid) transportation options are under evaluation.

The Lost Cabin Gas plant, located in Wyoming, supplies CO2 to compression facilities adjacent to the plant to enable CO2 transport by pipeline. Carbon dioxide capture capacity is around 0.9 Mtpa, and since 2013, CO2 has been delivered via a new build pipeline to the Bell Creek oil field in Montana for enhanced oil recovery.

The South West Hub in Western Australia is a CCS initiative currently undertaking the pre-competitive data acquisition phase of storage characterisation. Operations could begin at around 2025 and have a base case volume of CO2 capture capacity of 2.5 Mtpa, with a possibility to grow to 5-6 Mtpa. Carbon dioxide would be captured from industrial facilities and power plants in the local region and transported via pipeline to onshore injection sites for dedicated geological storage.

CarbonNet is investigating the potential for establishing a commercial scale CCS network, bringing together multiple CO2 capture projects in Victoria’s Latrobe Valley, transporting the CO2 via pipeline and injecting it deep into nearshore underground storage sites in the Gippsland region. It plans an initial capacity to capture, transport and store in the range of 1-5 Mtpa of CO2 during the 2020s.