The Terrell gas processing facility is one of the 'original' Val Verde natural gas processing plants in west Texas, that began capturing CO2 as part of gas processing since the early 1970s. Captured CO2 is transported via the Val Verde pipeline to McCamey, Texas, where it connects with the Canyon Reef Carriers (CRC) pipeline and the Pecos pipeline. The CO2 is then distributed to mature oil fields for enhanced oil recovery. The Terrell facility has a CO2 capture capacity of around 0.4-0.5 Mtpa.

The Shute Creek gas treating facility, located in Wyoming, began operation in 1986. After a plant expansion was completed in 2010, annual CO2 capture capacity is now at around 7 Mtpa. The captured CO2 is distributed via pipeline systems to a number of depleted oil fields in Wyoming and Colorado for use in enhanced oil recovery.

The Institute has released two new reports by TNO on CO2 storage in support of the Rotterdam CCS Network Project.

The first report provides a description of the work undertaken, the methodology applied and a summary of the key results and findings.

The second report contains the steps to be taken in the development of a CO2 storage site, i.e. identification (screening), detailed study and estimation of the cost.

The reports can be accessed below:

The White Rose CCS Project is a proposal to build a new 448 MW (gross) ultra-supercritical oxy-fuel coal-fired power plant on land adjacent to the existing Drax Power Station near Selby in North Yorkshire. Capture Power Limited, a company formed by consortium partners Alstom, Drax (not intending to invest in the project beyond the FEED study stage) and BOC, is to deliver the project which would capture approximately two millions tonnes of CO2 per annum from an oxy-fuel process. Carbon dioxide captured from the power plant would be transported via the proposed Yorkshire and Humber CCS Cross Country Pipeline, to be constructed by National Grid as a separated associated project, to the coast at Bramston, Yorkshire, then offshore for storage in a deep saline formation beneath the southern North Sea. For more information, please see here.

The project had been nearing the completion of its FEED processes under the UK’s CCS Commercialisation Programme. In November 2015, the announced that the GB₤1 billion capital budget for the CCS Commercialisation Programme would no longer be available, meaning the Programme would not proceed in its current form. The implications of this decision for the White Rose CCS Project are not clear at the time of this Update.

Abu Dhabi CCS is the world’s first fully commercial CCS facility in the iron and steel industry, and involves the capture of CO2 via a new build CO2 Compression Facility using high purity CO2 produced as a by-product of the direct reduced iron-making process at the Emirates Steel Industries factory in Mussafah. Launched in November 2016, the compression facility has a capture capacity of 0.8 Mtpa. The captured CO2 is transported via pipeline to Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) oil reservoirs for enhanced oil recovery.

Illinois Industrial CCS integrates new build compression and dehydration facilities to an existing corn-to-ethanol plant in Decatur, Illinois. The new facilities, when combined with existing facilities constructed under the (now completed) Illinois Basin Decatur Project, can achieve a total CO2 injection capacity of approximately 1 Mtpa. Injection operations commenced in April 2017. The captured CO2 is transported to a nearby injection well for dedicated geological storage.

This project intends to capture around 1 million tonnes of carbon dioxide per annum from an existing coal-to-liquids facility by 2020. It is the second phase of the operating pilot-scale Ordos Shenhua DCL plant CCS Project.

Korea CCS 2 is evaluating development of 1 Mtpa CCS facilities either in an oxy-fuel power plant or in a 300 MW integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plant. Capture and storage operations could begin around the middle of the next decade.  A comprehensive evaluation of offshore CO2 storage options has been undertaken. Both pipeline and shipping (and hybrid) transportation options are under evaluation.

Korea CCS 1 is evaluating the development of 1 Mtpa CCS facilities with CO2 sourced from a power plant either in Gangwon Province (north-east Korea) or in Chungnam Province (west Korea). Capture and storage operations could begin around the middle of the next decade. A comprehensive evaluation of offshore CO2 storage options has been undertaken. Both pipeline and shipping (and hybrid) transportation options are under evaluation.

The Lost Cabin Gas plant, located in Wyoming, supplies CO2 to compression facilities adjacent to the plant to enable CO2 transport by pipeline. Carbon dioxide capture capacity is around 0.9 Mtpa, and since 2013, CO2 has been delivered via a new build pipeline to the Bell Creek oil field in Montana for enhanced oil recovery.